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  1. Ali Hsn's Avatar
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    #1

    What's the logical relationship between these 2 sentences?

    Dear teachers/natives/members,

    What's the logical relationship between the red and the underlined part below? How come they've been included in one sentence? It seems the red part, logically, has nothing to do with the underlined part.

    "The authorities had never been able to find the culprit. Little did they know that it was him, the director appointed to evaluate the long-term effects of the oil spill."

    Thanks in advance.

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: What's the logical relationship between these 2 sentences?

    The underlined part provides information about "him" in the red part. The director was the culprit.

  3. Ali Hsn's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: What's the logical relationship between these 2 sentences?

    Dear Mike,

    Thank you for your quick reply. So does it mean that when the director appointed to evaluate the long-term effects, they thought that he could be the culprit?

  4. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: What's the logical relationship between these 2 sentences?

    The authorities didn't know that the person they appointed to be the director was the culprit.

  5. Ali Hsn's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: What's the logical relationship between these 2 sentences?

    Dear bhaisahab,

    Thanks for clarifying the meaning. What does that "little" in the red part refer to please? Does "little did they know that it was him" means just a few people knew that he was the culprit?

  6. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: What's the logical relationship between these 2 sentences?

    "Little did they know" means "They did not know."

    I know it seems like it should be "They only knew a little about it" or "Only a few people knew" but it really means "They didn't know."
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  7. lotus888's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: What's the logical relationship between these 2 sentences?

    Little did they know that it was him.

    It also means "they did not suspect" that it was him, or "little did they suspect" that it was him.



    --lotus
    Last edited by lotus888; 03-Jul-2014 at 17:51.

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    #8

    Re: What's the logical relationship between these 2 sentences?

    They had no idea it was him.

  8. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: What's the logical relationship between these 2 sentences?

    You use this for situations or future events, generally that have repercussions later.

    You would not use it for scientific facts, for example.

    Not "little did he know the atomic weight of magnesium" but "little did he know that by choosing biology over chemistry, he would meet the love if his life and future collaborator, with whom he would one day share the Nobel Prize."
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

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