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    #1

    "which or that " :-I have found the pen which/that I had lost.

    Regarding the sentence :-I have found the pen .............. I had lsot
    what will be the right answer?
    1:-which
    2:-that
    3:-both can be right (if so please explain)

  1. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: "which or that " :-I have found the pen which/that I had lost.

    Is this a homework question?

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    #3

    Re: "which or that " :-I have found the pen which/that I had lost.

    No Sir,
    I have found it in a book written as :-This is the pen which I had lost but according to my knowledge, here that will make more sense so I used it in a format so as the appeal of the question is increased.

    I am just trying to improve my Grammar and I am not in a school so there will not be any chance that I need help for homework :)

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: "which or that " :-I have found the pen which/that I had lost.

    Fair enough. Your sentence structure involves a relative clause. In nonrestrictive (non-defining) relative clauses, we do not not use 'that", we can use "which". In restrictive (defining) relative clauses, we can use either. Your clause is defining (it defines a particular pen). Therefore, either pronoun will work.

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    #5

    Re: "which or that " :-I have found the pen which/that I had lost.

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    Hello, Sahil Dhankhar:

    I believe that most American teachers suggest "that" for a defining clause (when the information is absolutely necessary for identification).

    I have read that in some varieties of English, "which" is also perfectly fine for defining clauses.

    And, as one moderator reminded me recently, in such a sentence as yours, the so-called zero relative pronoun is possible and even probable in speech:

    "I have found the pen I had lost yesterday."

    *****
    As you said, "both can be right."

    BUT if you are being tested by an American teacher, I suggest that you use "that."




    James


    P.S. In my opinion, maybe many native speakers would find the past tense more natural than the past perfect in that sentence: "I have found the pen (that) I lost yesterday."

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