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    #1

    about participle clause...

    I happened to meet this sentence sometime ago.

    1-1. Angry, she told him that he was the last man that she would marry.
    1-2. Because she was angry, she told him that he was the last man that she would marry.

    I think 1-1 can be changed to 1-2.

    So I think sentences below can make sense.
    2-1. Unemployed, he doesn't have much money.
    2-2. Being unemployed, he doesn't have much money.
    2-3. Because he is unemployed, he doesn't have much money.

    3-1. A woman, I shall be of help in time of need.
    3-2. Being a woman, I shall be of help in time of need.
    3-3. Though I am a woman, I shall be of help in time of need. -> I think 'Because I am a woman', can make sense, too.

    But I haven't much seen a sentence like 3-1 before.

    And there is another question.
    4-1. Because there was too much traffic, I used subway.
    4-2. There being too much traffic, I used subway.
    4-3. There too much traffic, I used subway.

    Can 4-3 make sense? Can 'being' be omitted from 4-2?

    Thanks in advance.
    Last edited by pseudo; 19-Aug-2014 at 09:43.

  1. Tarheel's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: about participle clause...

    How about:

    She was angry with him and told him that he was the last man she would ever marry.

  2. Tarheel's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: about participle clause...

    Quote Originally Posted by pseudo View Post


    2-1. Unemployed, he doesn't have much money.
    2-2. Being unemployed, he doesn't have much money.
    2-3. Because he is unemployed, he doesn't have much money.
    Well, two out of three is not bad. (Throw out the first one.)


  3. Tarheel's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: about participle clause...

    Quote Originally Posted by pseudo View Post
    3-1. A woman, I shall be of help in time of need.
    3-2. Being a woman, I shall be of help in time of need.
    3-3. Though I am a woman, I shall be of help in time of need. -> I think 'Because I am a woman', can make sense, too.
    None of those sentences make any sense to me. Sorry.


  4. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: about participle clause...

    It is not necessarily true that she said that because she was angry. She may have always felt that way and was angry that he would even suggest they get married.

    Your transformation was necessarily not valid.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  5. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: about participle clause...

    Your title is problematic. In traditional grammar there is no such thing as a "participle clause". A clause requires a finite verb. We more often use "participial phrase". That said, most of your examples do not even have participial phrases.

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