"Parking" is a noun (gerund) and "limited" is an adjective (past participle). The verb is omitted as it would be in a newspaper headline. I assume this was a posted sign.
Student or Learner
I have questions regarding this sentence:
Parking limited to 20 minutes.
What are the parts of speech of "parking" and "limited"?
Why isn't there a verb "to be" in the sentence? Like "parking is limited to ..." Is it omitted?
Thank you in advance,
Yes, it is. But why do they do this? Is there a name for this case? Is it something related to style? I want to read more about it.
***** NOT A TEACHER *****
Hello, White Rose:
I believe that many times there is an honest difference of opinion as to whether a past participle is an adjective or the passive form of the verb.
In my opinion, your sentence seems to be using the passive form of the verb "limit."
Here are two "tests" that I have found very helpful:
TEST #1: Can "by" be used? If it can, then it is probably a passive verbal phrase:
a. Parking is limited to 20 minutes by city law.
i. Since "by city law" seems to fit in nicely, then "is limited" may be a passive verbal phrase.
TEST #2: Can the word "very" be inserted? If it can, then it is probably an adjective:
a. Parking is very limited to 20 minutes.
i. Since the word "very" does NOT seem to fit in nicely, then "limited" may NOT be an adjective.
(a) Compare: "Get there early. Parking is very limited." "Limited" in that sentence seems to be an adjective.
Credit for Test #1 goes to the Longman English Grammar.
Credit for Test #2 goes to Transgrammar.
Last edited by TheParser; 31-Aug-2014 at 19:39. Reason: I typed an exclamation mark instead of the number "1."