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    #1

    Where should i use ed and ing in compound nouns ??

    Hello .


    I have a very simple question , i dont know where i should use ed in compound nouns and where use ing ? Like these sentences


    1.The sleeping beauty is a much-loved story is read by the most childeren




    2. Children are often afraid of imaginary creature like fire-breathing dragons .


    Why did we use ed in first but ing in the second ?


    I have final test tomorrow please answer me soon .


    Thanks, best regards .
    Last edited by AliMoosavi; 13-Sep-2014 at 18:35.

  1. Tarheel's Avatar
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    #2

    Compound adjectives

    Neither of your examples is a noun. They are, in fact, adjectives.

    Quote Originally Posted by AliMoosavi View Post





    1.Sleeping Beauty is a much-loved story is read by the most children.




    2. Children are often afraid of imaginary creature like fire-breathing dragons .

    Does my answer change your question?


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    #3

    Re: Where should i use ed and ing in compound nouns ??

    Not a teacher

    It's very interesting question. I am not sure if there is a specific rule for compound nouns ending either with -ing or -ed. My advice to you is just find more examples and keep reading them several times and they will stick spontaneously to your mind. When I find a useful resource I'll post it here.
    Good luck.
    Last edited by Rover_KE; 13-Sep-2014 at 22:30. Reason: Adding 'Not a teacher'.

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Where should i use ed and ing in compound nouns ??

    The way to decide these uses is to understand what you are trying to say.

    In your first, the story is "loved" by many. It is not loving by many. People love the story, so it is "loved". It is passive in nature, so the past participle is used.

    In your second, the dragon is breathing fire. It is not past tense. So the present participle is used.

  3. Tarheel's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: Where should i use ed and ing in compound nouns ??

    BTW, can you find Tarheel's mistakes? (Not exactly mistakes he made, but stuff he missed. No, Mike, you don't get to play. That wouldn't be fair. )

    MikeNewYork, that was an excellent explanation.


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    #6

    Re: Where should i use ed and ing in compound nouns ??

    Norah, please read this extract from the rules of the Ask a Teacher forum:

    You are welcome to answer questions posted in the Ask a Teacher forum as long as your suggestions, help, and advice reflect a good understanding of the English language.
    If you are not a teacher, you will need to state that clearly in your post

  4. Tarheel's Avatar
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    #7

    What's the difference a noun and an adjective? ;-)

    It is interesting to me as a native speaker that ESL students sometimes ask questions about things I have never thought about before. Anyhow, being obsessive compulsive is interesting in that I never know what I am going to obsess about. This time it was adjectives that end in either -ed or -ing. There seems to be a pattern (not %100 consistent). Anyhow, I now have a list. (Actually, two lists.) Tell me, if you wish, if they are helpful at all to you.

    -ed

    water-filled pool
    sharp-eyed hawk
    fully-clothed individual
    butt-naked man
    much-loved pussycat
    neatly-pressed pants


    -ing

    gas-guzzling car
    soundly-sleeping bear
    cud-chewing cow
    rapidly-running rabbit
    tail-wagging dog
    long-suffering spouse
    fast-rising dough
    long-standing tradition
    free-flowing water/stream




    Do you see a pattern, and should I stop obsessing now?


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