Working "for themselves" means self-employed. No boss. No employer.
Student or Learner
Does "for themselves" mean "for the sake of themselves" or "by themselves without depending on others"?
25) In the days before the era of big industry, most people worked for themselves. They farmed land to produce food for their families or made things and provided services that they could exchange for money. From the 1700s, the situation changed. (A) The groups they formed were sometimes called unions. Different unions wanted different things. Their demands often included higher wages, shorter working days, and safer working conditions. (B) Small farms began to disappear, and people worked for rich landowners instead. More people moved to the growing cities. Many of them worked for firms in large factories. They were paid money according to how many items they made.
Do you mean it's close to the meaning of "for the sake of themselves" or both? Which one can you pick?
We can't put it much simpler than this:
- earning one's living in one's own business or through freelance work, rather than as the employee of another person.