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    #1

    led by/under the leadership of

    Are these sentences correct:
    1-We were fighting against the Italian fascists under the leadership of Mussolini.

    2-We were fighting against the Italian fascists, under the leadership of Mussolini.


    3-We were fighting against the Italian fascists led by Mussolini.

    4-We were fighting against the Italian fascists, led by Mussolini.

    The versions without the commas give me the impression that there were at least two groups of Italian fascists and only one of them was led by Mussolini.

    But are the ones with commas correct?

    They are supposed to mean:

    a. They were fighting against the Italian fascists, who were led by/who were under the leadership of Mussolini.


    Gratefully,
    Navi.

  1. Roman55's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: led by/under the leadership of

    I am not a teacher.

    The ones with the commas are ambiguous. They make it sound as though you were being led by Mussolini in the fight against Italian fascists.

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    #3

    Re: led by/under the leadership of

    Thank you very much Roman555.

    Are they ambiguous or are they simply incorrect? Could they be used in this context at all? (The context being the obvious one, ie. Mussolini's being the leader of the fascists)

    And don't the other ones (the comma-less ones) give the impression that there were two types of fascists: those led by M. and the other ones?


    Gratefully,
    Navi.

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    #4

    Re: led by/under the leadership of

    A "...who were led by Mussolini" gets rid of the potential ambiguity about who was being led.

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