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    #1

    Ing-Clause Usage

    I have a question about a sentence pattern " [subject] [non-ing verb clause], [ing verb clause] ". If I write the following:


    1. The report describes the problems at the firm, blaming specific employees.
    2. The report describes the problems at the firm and blames specific employees.
    How are sentences 1 & 2 different? Does sentence 1 contain meanings not found in sentence 2?

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    #2

    Re: Ing-Clause Usage

    Welcome to the forum.

    They mean the same to me.

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    #3

    Re: Ing-Clause Usage

    Rover,

    Does the first sentence (with ing-clause) imply any cause-and-effect or time-sequence meaning?

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Ing-Clause Usage

    The "ing" example is not a clause. It is a participial phrase. In the other you have a compound verb connected by the conjunction "and".

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    #5

    Re: Ing-Clause Usage

    @MikeNewYork

    How are the two sentences different though?

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    #6

    Re: Ing-Clause Usage

    I just told you.

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    #7

    Re: Ing-Clause Usage

    @MikeNewYork

    Sorry for the confusion. I wanted to ask if the two sentences have different meanings.

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    #8

    Re: Ing-Clause Usage

    I agree with Rover who told you they have the same meaning.

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    #9

    Re: Ing-Clause Usage

    MikeNewYork,

    But If I look at this:

    1. "He refused the offer, knowing that it was a trap."

    I tend to think that it is closer in meaning to this:

    2. "He refused the offer, because he knew that the offer was a trap."

    then to this:

    3. "He refused the offer and he knew that the offer was a trap."

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    #10

    Re: Ing-Clause Usage

    I agree with you that one and two are close in meaning. The third doesn't really make much sense.

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