In both past and present, we have ignored the construction of rich goals for the non-collegebound which contribute to the large aims of citizenship and full personal life.
Too many of us have supposed that such goals are necessarily embedded only in the academic curriculum; this result was, in part, caused by confusion over the meaning of intellectual.
Guided by that false supposition, policymakers have concluded that the only way to provide a culturally rich education for all students is to insist that they all participate in the same standard academic curriculum.
This is woefully impoverished thinking.
A vocational curriculum can be exciting and rich in goals inspired by universal aims, but we have to treat this curriculum and its students with respect and creative effort.
It should be possible to open some courses to students from both academic and vocational programs`─`art, music, drama, and literature, for example.

8-11)What does this "universal aims" mean? Does this argue that they have to set up vocational programs for non-collge-bound students?