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    #1

    Lightbulb Future perfect

    Hi,

    Here is my question.
    There are sentences with future tense in a grammar book;

    Jan will finish school by next summer.
    Jan is going to finish school by next summer.

    However, I know the definition about future simple, be going to and future perfect.
    I wonder if these sentences are correct.
    There is 'by' in the sentences above so it means that we don't know the exact time in the future, but we know it will happen before next summer. Maybe Spring?
    when we use 'will', it means spontaneous, predictions or future plans.
    When we use 'be going to', it means future plans or predictions from current situations.
    I don't understand why these sentences using 'will' and 'be going to'.

    I think we should say;

    Jan will have finished school by next summer.
    or
    Jan finishes school next summer.

    Thank you for your time.

  1. Raymott's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Future perfect

    The two original sentences are fine. So are your two. They all mean something slightly different.
    "Jan is going to finish school by next summer." means that she has decided/planned to finish by then.
    Note that you have "future plans" under both 'will' and 'going to', not that that's wrong.

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    #3

    Re: Future perfect

    thank you for your advise.
    Last edited by Rover_KE; 11-Nov-2014 at 13:33. Reason: Deleting unnecessary quote.

  2. Raymott's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Future perfect

    You're welcome. You can click on the Thanks or Like button rather than posting a new message for a thanks.

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    #5

    Re: Future perfect

    Quote Originally Posted by ottawasenator View Post
    Thank you for your advic​e.
    .

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