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    • Join Date: Apr 2006
    • Posts: 80
    #1

    That----ing-ending

    Good morning!. how is it going? Two questions:

    1.- "That". Can I omit it in this sentence?.

    "I hope you´ll pay the bill "that" I leave unpaid now"
    Any other mistake?

    2.- "I have been ENJOYING HAVING you locked in your room"

    I hesitate about using two ing-ending verbs together.
    Is it right?

    cheers!

    Jesús.

  1. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #2

    Re: That----ing-ending

    "that" is optional here:
    1. I hope that you´ll pay the bill that I haven't paid.

    Note, 'that' is option if the clause it heads has a subject; 'that' is not optional if it functions as the subject:

    EX: Here's the guy that I told you about.
    <"I" is the subject; "that" is optional>

    EX: Here's the guy that has the key.
    <"that" functions as the subject of the verb "has"; it's not optional.>

    "having" works, and it doesn't function as a verb here:
    2. I have been enjoying having you locked in your room.


    • Join Date: Apr 2006
    • Posts: 80
    #3

    Re: That----ing-ending

    Quote Originally Posted by Casiopea
    "that" is optional here:
    1. I hope that you´ll pay the bill that I haven't paid.
    Note, 'that' is option if the clause it heads has a subject; 'that' is not optional if it functions as the subject:
    EX: Here's the guy that I told you about.
    <"I" is the subject; "that" is optional>
    EX: Here's the guy that has the key.
    <"that" functions as the subject of the verb "has"; it's not optional.>
    "having" works, and it doesn't function as a verb here:
    2. I have been enjoying having you locked in your room.

    What is the function then?

    Thanks!

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #4

    Re: That----ing-ending

    "having you locked in your room" is a nominal phrase. It functions as the object of "been enjoying".

    EX: I have been enjoying our talk. <noun>
    EX: I have been enjoying watching him play. <noun; gerund>

    All the best.


    • Join Date: Apr 2006
    • Posts: 80
    #5

    Re: That----ing-ending

    Thanks a lot again!

    1.- But, what about this for instance? Can I use the participle "TRAPPED" after having?

    "All your life you´ve been enjoying having TRAPPED
    metaphorical sense) your sister inside (imagine for instance
    a big cage)

    2.-If it´s right, should it go TRAPPED after YOUR SISTER?

    "All your life you´ve been enjoying having your sister trapped inside"

    Thanks indeed!

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