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    #1

    I need help in perfect tenses

    Hi. I have some questions about Perfect Tenses.Can you please tell me if the following sentences correct or not?

    1) Two countries had been fighting beetween 1980-1988.

    2) Have you been running? or Had you been running? ( What is the difference?)

    In grammar books it's said that past perfect tense is used before a happened action.We say first action in Past Perfect and next action in Past Simple. Is it possible to use only Past Perfect Tense in a sentence.For exampe:

    I had eaten before you came or Can i just say I had eaten?

    Thanks

  1. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: I need help in perfect tenses

    I would not use the past perfect if there was no other act in the past.
    'I have been running for ten minutes.' - I am still running now.
    'I had been running for ten minutes when it started raining.' - I am not running now.

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  2. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: I need help in perfect tenses

    I agree with the first example. However, "I had been running for ten minutes when it started raining" does not indicate that I am no longer running. I could still be running. It could still be raining. Both are unspecified.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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    #4

    Re: I need help in perfect tenses

    What do you think about following sentence 'Two countries had been fighting between 1980-1988 '

  3. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: I need help in perfect tenses

    There was no other act in the past, so I would use 'were fighting' instead of 'had been fighting'.

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    #6

    Re: I need help in perfect tenses

    Quote Originally Posted by ercantuncer View Post
    I had eaten before you came or Can i just say I had eaten?
    If the context makes the other event/time clear, then you can use the past perfect on its own, but if not, then don't use it.

  4. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: I need help in perfect tenses

    Peter: Had you eaten something when I came?
    John: Yes, I had eaten.
    Is this context OK?


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    #8

    Re: I need help in perfect tenses

    I would say "Had you eaten something before I came"?

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    #9

    Re: I need help in perfect tenses

    John should say either Yes, I had or Yes, I had eaten something. However, you're right that there's no need to repeat before I came, which is the wording I would also use.

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    #10

    Re: I need help in perfect tenses

    Quote Originally Posted by ercantuncer View Post
    What do you think about following sentence 'Two countries had been fighting between 1980-1988 '
    I would use "Two countries fought between 1980 and 1988" or "Two countries fought from 1980 until 1988".
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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