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  1. meraviglioso's Avatar
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    #1

    some confusion within participles, gerund and simply progressive form

    The reason why these grammatical features are so confusing is due to the fact that they all look the same.


    Can somebody give me three clear examples of all the three forms in order to have a clear differenciation ?

    Thanks
    Regards

  2. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: some confusion within participles, gerund and simply progressive form

    Context is key. As with many aspects of English, working out the exact meaning (and therefore its grammatical purpose) relies on the context in which it is found.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: some confusion within participles, gerund and simply progressive form

    We need you to provide the examples. Let me give a hint. "Gerunds" always function as nouns and they can introduce gerund phrases. Present participles can be part of a continuous verb; they can also function as adjectives or adverbs and can introduce participial phrases. Now it's your turn.

  4. meraviglioso's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: some confusion within participles, gerund and simply progressive form

    I see.
    So, if I want to give myselft some more examples:

    1) Mary is reading a book = simply present progressive
    2) reading a book is something Mary likes a lot = Gerund because it functions as a noun
    3) I saw Mary Who was reading a book --> I saw Mary reading a book = participle

    right?

  5. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: some confusion within participles, gerund and simply progressive form

    1 an 2 are correct.

    In the first sentence of your third, there is a relative clause in which the participle is part of a progressive verb. The second is an example of a reduced relative clause where the participle is a modifier describing Mary.

    Very good!

  6. meraviglioso's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: some confusion within participles, gerund and simply progressive form

    as a matter of fact I added an arrow in the sentence number 3 to show that the example of a participle was the part after the arrow.

    Ok, so, it seems that I have understood - more or less - the differences

  7. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: some confusion within participles, gerund and simply progressive form

    I understood the significance of the arrow.

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