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    #1

    A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    A quote from a book (The Admired Chinese Puzzle by C. Taylor): "To which are added caricaturera Designs as an illustration, every figure being emblematical of some Being or Article known to the Chinese."

    My Questions:
    1. The word "caricaturera" doesn't seem to be an English word. Is it commonly known to native English speakers?
    2. What does "which" stand for? As a rule, can you use a relative pronoun to refer to something mentioned in previous sentences?
    3. Why are the words "Designs," "Being," and "Article" capitalized? Is it for emphasis? Is this a good way to emphasize words?
    4. Does "every figure" refer to "caricaturera Designs?"
    Last edited by emsr2d2; 01-Jan-2015 at 21:21. Reason: Adding book title and author (also edited to remove not a teacher)
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  1. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    Oldbei, you don't have to state that you're not a teacher or a native speaker when you start a thread to ask a question. You only need to say it when you try to answer another learner's question.
    I've removed the statement from the start of your post.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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    #3

    Re: A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    1) 'Caricaturera', as you say, is not an English word, so it is not commonly known. Was it not defined earlier in the book? 'Caricature' is a common English word.

    2) 'Which' refers to something mentioned in the previous sentence, which you have not quoted. In fact, your whole quotation is not a complete sentence. Are you sure the quotation begins with a capital 'T'? I reads as though it's the end of a sentence — not the beginning.

    3) I can think of no justification for capitalising the words stated. It is definitely a bad way to emphasise words, which you must not emulate.

    4) Yes.

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    #4

    Re: A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    I searched for the book you quoted on Amazon where it is listed but it is not available, nor could I find the text online anywhere. However, what I did find out from the Amazon listing is that it is from 1814! On that basis, it is entirely possible that the capitalisations you used were in the original. However, you need to remember that we no longer write in the same way as we did in 1814 and it's not recommended that you use such a text to study English.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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    #5

    Re: A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    None of the dictionaries in OneLook has Caricaturera, and it searches through hundreds of online dictionaries and glossaries.

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    #6

    Re: A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    Teachers,

    Thanks for all your help!

    A more general question of mine is: are today's English writers better writers than those living, say, 200 years ago?

    Do the former respect English grammar more? Or, did the latter just follow a different set of rules?
    (By the way, my grammar checker suggests that I should use "does" instead of "do" in the first of the above 2 questions. Am I wrong?)

    I am going to attach the original text that I've got from a book called The Tangram Book, written by Jerry Slocum, so that you can better help me.
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	CTaylorStatement.gif 
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    Quote Originally Posted by Rover_KE View Post
    2) 'Which' refers to something mentioned in the previous sentence, which you have not quoted. In fact, your whole quotation is not a complete sentence. Are you sure the quotation begins with a capital 'T'? I reads as though it's the end of a sentence — not the beginning.
    So, a relative pronoun is allowed to be used to refer to something mentioned in a previous sentence? Isn't "To which are added caricaturera Designs" a complete inverted sentence?
    Last edited by oldbei; 02-Jan-2015 at 19:37.
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    #7

    Re: A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    Better? That's a very subjective question and I'm not even going to attempt to answer it.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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    #8

    Re: A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    I am not a teacher.

    OK, we can now see that you copied the extract correctly, but it isn't a complete sentence and I doubt it was considered complete 200 years ago, but I could be wrong. There is a lot of capitalisation that is wrong according to today's rules.

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    #9

    Re: A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    Quote Originally Posted by emsr2d2 View Post
    Better? That's a very subjective question and I'm not even going to attempt to answer it.
    Pardon my choice of words. What about more grammatical?
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    #10

    Re: A few questions about a sentence that I have come across - caricaturera

    http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/cha...ranscript.html

    If you examine older documents, like the US Declaration of Independence I have linked to, capitalization of nearly every noun can be found.

    Things are different now. We only capitalize proper nouns.

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