I might be wrong but these are my thoughts.
1) "ere kind of", may be "that there kind of", in some dialects of English "that there" is a common way to refer to something.
2) Yowling is commonly the word used to describe one type of the calls of a cat, cattymount must be a way of referring to a cat in Poes day.
3) Rough refers an unrefined, thuggish person.
A way to paraphrase it today might be.
"What do you mean by yowling like a cat, said a fourth; and I was seized and shaken without ceremony, for several minutes by a group of thugs"
Interested in Language