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    #1

    have been caught...?

    Hi, I don't understand why it should be said "have been caught", instead of just "be caught". What meaning does "have been" give us?

    While Roy may have been embarrassed to have been caught, I am still troubled by the fact that he wasn't honest with you.

  1. Raymott's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: have been caught...?

    "Have been" gives us the same structure with 'caught' as it just has with 'embarassed'.
    "He may have been embarassed to have been caught." But he is no longer embarassed. The being embarassed is in the past.
    Similarly, when he was embarassed, the "being caught" or "the having been caught" is in the past.

    It doesn't really add anything except the proper grammar. The meaning seems obvious.

    "I would be embarrassed to be caught." I would be embarrassed (now, later), if I was caught (now, later).
    "I would be embarrassed to have been caught." I would be embarassed (now) if I had been caught (in the past)
    "I would have been embarassed to have been caught." I would have been embarrassed (in the past) if I had been caught (in the past).
    However: "I would have been embarassed to be caught" is awkward, like your example, because the tenses don't match.
    That's how I'd say it. Others might, and probably will, disagree.

  2. Roman55's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: have been caught...?

    I am not a teacher.

    I don't disagree, but I would say it differently.

    'While Roy may have been embarrassed at having been caught…'

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