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    #1

    participle

    ............................. in a recent science competition, three individuals were awarded scholarships totaling $21000.
    a. judged the best
    b. They were judged the best
    c. Judging the best
    d. Having judged the best

    The book, Digest Trudy Aronson, says: 'a' is the correct answer, while I personally believe the sentence cannot be started with a verb. I think 'd' must be the correct option, because we can treat gerund phrases as adverbs. Am I right?

  1. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: participle

    A is correct. D would only work as "Having been judged the best in a recent competition ..." but there is nothing wrong with the original.

    Voted "Best in Show" at Crufts, the dog then went on to win five more competitions.
    Nominated for a Best Actress Oscar, Sarah Bernhardt is hoping to win for the first time.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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    #3

    Re: participle

    Yes, thanks, I got it. Due to the fact that individuals are object in the original sentence, so the participle form must be in passive. Either 'judged' or 'having been judged' is correct.

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