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    #1

    to be...?

    The boats have proved to be hardier and deadlier than expect, well suited to Germany's guerrilla effort to abrade the.....


    Does "to be" mean "I am" here?

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    #2

    Re: to be...?

    The boats have proven to be hardier and deadlier than expected, well suited to Germany's guerrilla effort to abrade the..

    Please give the full sentence. How does "I" come into the picture?

    not a teacher

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    #3

    Re: to be...?

    Either "proved" or "proven" can be used here for the past participle. I'm a "proven" person, personally. "Proven" is more common in AmE than BrE, I believe.

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    #4

    Re: to be...?

    In BE, 'proven' is commonly used adjectivally: 'A proven fact'.

    Polyester, changing 'to be' to ' I am' makes no sense at all. As Ted asked, please quote the full sentence and tell us where you found it and who wrote it.

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    #5

    Re: to be...?

    The book name is "Dead Wake" and the author is also "Erik Larson".

    The full sentences is as follow:
    "The boats had proved to be hardier and deadlier than expected, well suited to Germany's guerrilla effort to abrade the strength of Britain's Grand Fleet."

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    #6

    Re: to be...?

    Thank you. In future, please give the context in your first post.

    It means 'They had discovered that the boats were hardier and deadlier than expected'.

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