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    #1

    Confusion with gerund

    Hello teachers,

    I just had my essay checked by Teechar, a very kind teacher in the forum. But I am still bit confused with these two sentence below.

    Original one 'Governments need to put their focus on the limitation of number of cars on the roads and an improvement of public transportation services.'

    Corrected one 'Governments need to put their focus on limiting the of number of cars on the roads and improving public transportation services.'

    So my questions are why use gerund form instead of noun form here? does the gerund do better job than noun in the sentence? do these two sentences have totally different meanings or emphasize on different things?

    sorry for so many questions and thanks anyone who could give a clear answer
    Last edited by wzncx8879; 05-May-2015 at 10:40. Reason: typed the teacher`s name wrong

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    #2

    Re: Confusion with gerund

    focus on the limitation of number of cars - limitation is the imposition of a limit on number of cars on the road e.g. 1000 cars.

    focus on limiting the number of cars - limiting refers to the actions to be taken to reduce the number of cars.

    not a teacher
    Last edited by tedmc; 05-May-2015 at 11:14.

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    #3

    Re: Confusion with gerund

    Thank you very much Tedmc for your clear explanation. English is really a hard language to learn, as there are so many rules and exceptions, and even when a word is with different forms, the meaning could be totally different.

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