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  1. Banned
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    #11

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    What I don't understand is how is a verb going to answer when, where, or to what extent something happen.

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #12

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    A verb doesn't. You have already been told that an infinitive is not a verb.

  3. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #13

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by mawes12 View Post
    Sentences like Bill uses his watch to get to work on time and The frail old lady needed someone to cut her lawn get me confused because both infinitives go after nouns but they say that the first sentence is adverb infinitive and the second one is adjective infinitive.
    'Bill uses his watch to get to work on time.'── The infinitive acts as an adverb because it modifies 'uses' instead of 'watch'.
    'The frail old lady needed someone to cut her lawn.'── The infinitive acts as an adjective because it modifies 'someone' instead of 'needed'.

    I am not a teacher, so please correct me if I am wrong.

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    #14

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by Matthew Wai View Post
    'Bill uses his watch to get to work on time.'── The infinitive acts as an adverb because it modifies 'uses' instead of 'watch'.
    'The frail old lady needed someone to cut her lawn.'── The infinitive acts as an adjective because it modifies 'someone' instead of 'needed'.

    I am not a teacher, so please correct me if I am wrong.
    I think to get to work on time can also modify watch and to cut her lawn can modify needed. I'm not sure because I'm not a teacher, but also correct me if I'm wrong.

  5. Raymott's Avatar
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    #15

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    What did the old lady need? - Someone to cut her lawn. Correct - adjectival. She needed a lawn-cutting someone. Not just any someone would do.
    What did Bill use? - a watch to get to work on time. Wrong, this is more information than asked for. He didn't need a "getting to work on time watch". Any watch would do. So it's not adjectival.

    Why did Bill use a watch? - to get to work on time (so that he could get to work on time). Correct - adverbial
    Why did the old lady need someone? - to cut her lawn (so that she could cut her lawn) - Wrong. She is not going to cut her own lawn. She needed someone who could cut her lawn. A type of someone (adjective).

    "to cut her lawn" qualifies "someone" - adjectival.
    "to get to work on time" modifies "use" - adverbial.
    That's how I see it, but it is difficult, and not really obvious.

  6. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #16

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Matthew is correct.

  7. Raymott's Avatar
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    #17

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Mike is right in saying that Matthew is correct. I have signalled this in the traditional way by 'Liking' Mathew's post.
    But anyone else who thinks Matthew is correct should certainly add another post to thread saying so.
    Also, anyone who wants to confirm that I am correct in saying that Mike is right in saying that Matthew is correct is also encouraged to post.

  8. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #18

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Raymott is correct,

  9. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #19

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by mawes12 View Post
    to cut her lawn can modify needed.
    It modifies 'needed' in 'She needed to cut her lawn herself because no one could help her'.

    Not a teacher.

  10. tzfujimino's Avatar
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    #20

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by Matthew Wai View Post
    It modifies 'needed' in 'She needed to cut her lawn herself because no one could help her'.

    Not a teacher.
    Hello, Matthew.

    Well, in your sentence, 'to cut her lawn herself' functions as an object of 'needed'. It doesn't really modify the verb.

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