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    #31

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    And I think an adjectival infinitive can be the same as an adjectival clause but sometimes it's hard to tell the difference between adverbial and adjectival infinitive.

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    #32

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    A verb doesn't. You have already been told that an infinitive is not a verb.
    Infinitive isn't a verb but it works like one, I think.

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    #33

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Infinitives retain some, but not all, functions of verbs.

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    #34

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by mawes12 View Post
    And I think an adjectival infinitive can be the same as an adjectival clause but sometimes it's hard to tell the difference between adverbial and adjectival infinitive.
    It is. But is that a big problem? The overall meanings are clear enough.

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    #35

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by mawes12 View Post
    "Bill uses his watch to get to work on time."

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****

    1. "Bill uses his watch so (that) he can get to work on time." ("So (that) he can get to work on time" is an adverbial clause that modifies the verb "uses." )

    2. "Bill uses his watch to get to work on time." ("To get to work on time" is an infinitive phrase that modifies the verb "uses.")

    a. One may make it stronger by introducting the infinitive with "in order": "Bill uses his watch in order to get to work on time."

    *****

    Here is one book's explanation that may interest you.

    "In order to draw well, one must have a natural aptitude." [Only my note. Or: "One must have a natural aptitude in order to draw well."]

    a. "in order to draw well" is an "adverbial modifier of the main verb "must have."
    b. "in order" introduces the infinitive phrase. [Only my note: "In order" is often used to give an emphasis. "He is studying English to get a good job in the global economy." / "He is studying English in order to get a good job in the global economy." Only my personal opinion: I think that learners should use "in order" because native speakers will then be prepared to expect an infinitive. It will make it easier for learners to be understood by native speakers.]


    Source: Pence and Emery, A Grammar of Present-Day English (second edition, copyright 1947 and 1963), page 68.
    Last edited by TheParser; 29-May-2015 at 13:06.

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    #36

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by Raymott View Post
    It is. But is that a big problem? The overall meanings are clear enough.
    It's hard for me to understand if an infinitive is modifying a noun because sometimes an adverbial infinitive goes after noun so it looks like it's modifying a noun. Sometimes I think it depends on the verb.
    Last edited by mawes12; 29-May-2015 at 22:52.

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    #37

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by mawes12 View Post
    sometimes an adverbial infinitive goes after noun so it looks like it's modifying a noun.
    Do you think 'his watch' as an inanimate object would 'get to work' like a human below? That's what I thought as a learner.
    Quote Originally Posted by mawes12 View Post
    Bill uses his watch to get to work on time
    Last edited by Matthew Wai; 30-May-2015 at 05:18.

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    #38

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by mawes12 View Post
    It's hard for me to understand if an infinitive is modifying a noun because sometimes an adverbial infinitive goes after noun so it looks like it's modifying a noun.
    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    A suggestion, Mawes.

    You might want to find five sentences (in newspapers, magazines, books, etc.) with noun + infinitive. You can post them here with YOUR opinion, and then other members will give THEIR opinions.

    I have found some sentences from my local newspaper.

    What do YOU think the infinitive phrases modify? (I will give MY opinion at the end of this post.)


    1. "[I] racked my mind for a reason to stay." -- Lauren Meltzer.

    2. "I have come to realize that the best way to attract attention is by not actively looking." -- Ms. Meltzer.

    3. "After pouring a glass of Pinot Grigio to calm my nerves, ..." -- Ms. Meltzer.

    4. "[They are] the third consecutive Santa Barbara family to own the business." -- Amy Scattergood.

    5. "It will take a very long time to form the ice crystals." -- S. Irene Virbila.

    Here is my opinion.

    (1) It [the infinitive phrase] modifies / describes the noun "reason."
    (2) It modifies the noun "way."
    (3) It modifies the gerund "pouring,."
    (4) It modifies the noun "family."
    (5) I have my opinion, but I am NOT confident enough to state it. So I will let you and others comment first.

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    #39

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    In my opinion 5 is adverbial. One reason is that you can move the phrase to the beginning of the sentence with no change in meaning. I think it modifies "take".

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    #40

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    I am kinda understanding now but what does the to behind the infinitive stand for because I think that is what is confusing me.
    Last edited by mawes12; 31-May-2015 at 06:04.

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