Page 5 of 7 First 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Last
Results 41 to 50 of 66
  1. Banned
    Other
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Apr 2015
    • Posts: 432
    #41

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    1. You have two choices, to stay or to go.

    2. Bill tried to warn them of the problem.

    3. Jim had no choice except to resign from the position.

    4. The child was afraid to tell the truth.

    5. The teachers came to offer their service.

    6. Joan had a scheme to make money.

    7. I sat down to rest.

    8. Ginger and her sister's plan was to see a lawyer.

    9. The scouts stopped to buy some supplies.

    10. The boss asked me to send the message to her brother.

    From this site http://teachro.publiccomputingservic...nfinphrase.htm

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
    VIP Member
    Academic
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 24,583
    #42

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    There are answers given in that link. Do you dispute the answers? If not, what was this post for?

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
    VIP Member
    Academic
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 24,583
    #43

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by mawes12 View Post
    I am kinda understanding now but what does the to behind the infinitive stand for because I think that is what is confusing me.
    The "to" in an infinitive doesn't stand for anything or mean anything. It is a "particle", not a preposition. It is just used to indicate an infinitive.

  4. VIP Member
    Other
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Dec 2009
    • Posts: 6,470
    #44

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by mawes12 View Post
    What does the "to" behind the infinitive stand for?


    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    Hello,

    Did you mean the "to" in front of the infinitive?

    IF you did, here is some information that fascinated me and may interest you, too.


    "I want to leave at once."

    One scholar claims the following:

    "To" is only present to indicate that the subject [my emphasis] of a particular verb is missing."

    Only my comments: So I guess that "I want to leave at once" means SOMETHING like " I want I leave at once." Of course, such a sentence is NOT acceptable in speech or writing!


    Source: Suzette Haden Elgin, A Primer of Transformational Grammar (1975), page 13.





    *****


    Please look at what L.G. Alexander says in the Longman English Grammar (1988 edition), page 312:


    "The to-infinitive is often used after a noun [my emphasis] to convey advice, purpose, etc."

    His examples:

    1. "The person to ask is Jan." He says that "person to ask" = "the person whom you should ask."
    2. "I've got an essay to write." He says that "an essay to write" = "an essay which I must write."

    a. ONLY my note: Ms. Elgin's theory seems to work.

    (i) "The person [you] ask is Jan." By the way, in very informal English, such a sentence would NOT be TOO horrible:

    James: I have a question about computers.
    Mona: Oh, I know nothing about computers. The person you ask is Jan. She's in Room 150."

    (ii) "I've got an essay [I] write." (Of course, such a sentence is NOT acceptable -- not even in informal English.)

    *****

    The next time that a NOUN + INFINITIVE combination confuses you, please post it (in a new thread, perhaps). Tell us whether you think the infinitive phrase is adjectival or adverbial. Then your fellow members will share their opinions. I look forward to such a discussion.
    Last edited by TheParser; 31-May-2015 at 14:44.

  5. MikeNewYork's Avatar
    VIP Member
    Academic
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 24,583
    #45

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    >>>One scholar claims the following:

    "To" is only present to indicate that the subject [my emphasis] of a particular verb is missing."

    Only my comments: So I guess that "I want to leave at once" means SOMETHING like " I want I leave at once." Of course, such a sentence is NOT acceptable in speech or writing!


    Source: Suzette Haden Elgin, A Primer of Transformational Grammar (1975), page 13.<<<

    I have never heard a grammatical basis for that opinion. We borrowed the infinitive from Latin. In Latin there is no "to" before the infinitive. I think she made this up.
    Last edited by MikeNewYork; 01-Jun-2015 at 07:06. Reason: removed extra word

  6. Banned
    Other
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Apr 2015
    • Posts: 432
    #46

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    There are answers given in that link. Do you dispute the answers? If not, what was this post for?
    I think I realize it depends on the verb and #9 looks questionable because it looks like a direct object but it says it's an adverb.

  7. MikeNewYork's Avatar
    VIP Member
    Academic
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 24,583
    #47

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    It is not a direct object. I would call it an adverb.

  8. Matthew Wai's Avatar
    VIP Member
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong

    • Join Date: Nov 2013
    • Posts: 8,311
    #48

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    It is not a direct object because 'stopped' is an intransitive verb there. That goes to show the following.
    Quote Originally Posted by Matthew Wai View Post
    I think it would be less confusing if you found out whether the verb was transitive or intransitive, but I am not a teacher.

  9. Banned
    Other
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Apr 2015
    • Posts: 432
    #49

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    So you're saying if it's intransitive it will be an adverbial infinitive?

  10. Matthew Wai's Avatar
    VIP Member
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong

    • Join Date: Nov 2013
    • Posts: 8,311
    #50

    Re: Infinitive adverb or adjective

    I think so, but I am not a teacher.
    If 'stopped' was replaced by 'wanted', which is transitive, then 'to buy...' would be the object.

Page 5 of 7 First 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Last

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •