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    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Armenian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 2,554
    #1

    John entering the room

    Which are correct:

    1) John entering the room, everybody became silent.

    2) The firemen opening the door, we finally left the building.

    3) Tom finishing his meal, they started their journey.
    (Meaning: They started their journey after Tom finished his meal.)

    4) I once saw Tom kick Jim, Jim losing his temper as a result.

    5) I once saw Tom kick Jim, Jim losing his temper.

    In the first three the absolute construction expresses something that happened before what happens in the main clause. That might be a bit of a problem.

    In the final two, the main verb is 'saw'. So I see Tom kick Jim and then I see Jim lose his temper. I am not sure the two parts match.

    Gratefully,
    Navi.
    Last edited by navi tasan; 26-May-2015 at 10:32.

  1. emsr2d2's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK

    • Join Date: Jul 2009
    • Posts: 41,830
    #2

    Re: John entering the room

    1, 2 and 3 would be correct if they started with the word "Upon".

    Upon John entering the room, everyone became silent.
    Upon the firemen opening the door, we all left the building.
    Upon Tom finishing his meal, they started their journey.

    The suggestion in all three is that as soon as the first action was complete, the second action started.

    4 is OK.
    5 sounds unnatural.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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