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    #1

    relative clause

    Dear teachers,

    Would you please tell me if we need a comma before the relative clause? Should it be a restrictive or a non-restrictive clause?

    1) I had an uncle in Germany. I inherited a bit of money from my uncle.
    = I had an uncle in Germany, from whom I inherited a bit of money.

    Is it possible to write:
    I had an uncle in Germany, whom I inherited a bit of money from.

    or should it be: who I inherited a bit of money from.

    2) His daughter has decided to take a gap year. More and more young people do it these days.
    His daughter has decided to take a gap year, which more and more young people do these days.

    Thank you for your help.

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    #2

    Re: relative clause

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    1. "I had an uncle in Germany, from whom I inherited a bit of money."

    a. That is super formal and very unnatural.

    2. "I had an uncle from Germany, whom I inherited a bit of money from."

    Congratulations! You know that the objective form should follow a preposition.

    3. "I had an uncle from Germany, who I inherited a bit of money from."

    a. I believe that it is accurate to say that most Americans find #3 the most natural (and the easiest to pronounce).

  1. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: relative clause

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    Should it be a restrictive or a non-restrictive clause?
    A non-restrictive relative clause adds extra information to the sentence and is not essential for an understanding of the sentence, according to the sites below.
    https://learnenglish.britishcouncil....lative-clauses
    http://linguapress.com/grammar/relative-clauses.htm

    If I have understood correctly, the following one should be restrictive.
    'I had another uncle who I inherited no money from.'

    Not a teacher.

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    #4

    Re: relative clause

    But what about the following sentences should they take commas or not?

    1) I had an uncle in Germany, whom I inherited a bit of money from.

    2) My uncle, whom I inherited a bit of money from, lived in Germany.

    Is it possible to replace whom by that here?

    Thanks again for your help.

  2. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: relative clause

    #1 is non-restrictive, according to post#2 above, so 'that' should not be used.

    'My uncle that I inherited a bit of money from lived in Germany.'
    'My uncle that I inherited no money from lived in Italy.'
    If you had more than one uncle, then the red parts would be restrictive and thus 'that' could be used and commas should not be used.
    If you had only one uncle, then 'that' should not be used.

    I am not a teacher. I am a learner like you.

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