No. No no no. It's two different things.
It is the product that deviates from the design. The design is to have a hole that is, say, 5 mm in diameter. The actual product has a hole that is 10 mm. The product has deviated from the design. There has been some sort of problem in the manufacturing of the actual product.
The design is an abstract. The product is the concrete attempt to realize the design.
Now, if you had an original design and then there was a change in design you would not refer to it as a deviation. Of course there is a deviation. If there was no deviation, then it would not be a new design. A change in design would be a "revision."
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