The second is technically correct. Many people, however, would use the first.
(1) It was Mary who I saw at the market.
(2) It was Mary whom I saw at the market.
Both are correct. Not a native speaker nor a teacher.
Whoops, crossposted with Mike .
Last edited by Boris Tatarenko; 04-Jul-2015 at 15:07. Reason: added "whoops"
Please, correct all my mistakes. I should know English perfectly and if you show me my mistakes I will achieve my dream a little bit faster. A lot of thanks.
Not a teacher nor a native speaker.
Both of them are correct, I think.
Last edited by Zawlynn; 04-Jul-2015 at 15:58. Reason: mis-spelling
Welcome to the forum, Zawlynn.
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Last edited by Rover_KE; 05-Jul-2015 at 08:08.
kyawwin, please note that a better title would have been It was Mary who/whom I saw.
Extract from the Posting Guidelines:
'Thread titles should include all or part of the word/phrase being discussed.'
***** NOT A TEACHER *****
This is how I see it.
1. It was Mary I saw at the market. = Very natural and totally acceptable.
2. It was Mary whom I saw at the market. = Excellent English according to traditional rules. I doubt that many native speakers would use it. One reason is that it takes a lot of effort to pronounce "whom," and the other reason is that -- in my opinion -- many Americans do not know or care about the rule.
3. It was Mary who I saw at the market. = If a speaker decides to use a relative pronoun, s/he would probably choose "who," for it sounds more natural and is easier to pronounce. Of course, as you may already know, it breaks the rule.
4. It was Mary that I saw at the market.
a. Although some (many?) native speakers in 2015 might not accept "that," some people do. Their explanation: the antecedent is "it." Therefore, the sentence is to be analyzed as: It (that I saw at the market) was Mary.
In my opinion, if you want to speak natural-sounding English with friends and co-workers, it would probably be a good idea to use sentences #1 and #3.
Last edited by TheParser; 04-Jul-2015 at 18:09.