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    #1

    Not until the school bus arrived had my sister waited

    Hi,

    1- Until she spoke I hadn't realized she wasn't English. (http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionarie.../until?q=until)
    The inversion: Not until she spoke had I realized she wasn't English.

    2- My sister had waited at the window until the school bus arrived. (*self-made*)
    The inversion: Not until the school bus arrived had my sister waited at the window.

    I would like to ask if the inversion of sentence one is OK or not. As for the second sentence, I am not sure if I should use the past perfect or should I use the simple past. If it is OK, I would like to ask if the inversion of it is OK, too?

    Thanks.

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Not until the school bus arrived had my sister waited

    Your rewriting of sentence #2 is not natural and it means the opposite of the original.

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    #3

    Re: Not until the school bus arrived had my sister waited

    In the first, I would use did I realise ​as the realisation came after/at the time of speaking. I don't see any natural inversion in the second.

  2. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Not until the school bus arrived had my sister waited

    Is it OK to say 'Not until the school bus arrived did my sister stop waiting at the window'?

    Not a teacher.

  3. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: Not until the school bus arrived had my sister waited

    Actually that's okay, Matthew.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

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    #6

    Re: Not until the school bus arrived had my sister waited

    It is OK, and you could use had arrived as well- the problem with the original sentences is the use of the past perfect with the wrong part. However, I don't see either version as particularly natural sentences- it seems a bit too casual for this kind of style. You could create a context where it would sound OK, but this sentence and this inversion don't go well together IMO.

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