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    #1

    What is the used techniques by the author in developing the passage?

    Hi, in the following reading from, "Big Book", I cannot understand the exact answer. Please help. Bless you.

    Reading:
    Extended debate concerning the exact point of origin of individual folktales told by Afro-American slaves has unfortunately taken precedence over analysis of the tales‟ meaning and function. Cultural continuities with Africa were not dependent on importation and perpetuation of specific folktales in their pristine form. It is in the place that tales occupied in the lives of the slaves and in the meaning slaves derived from them that the clearest resemblances to African tradition can be found. Afro-American slaves did not borrow tales indiscriminately from the Whites among whom they lived. Black people were most influenced by those Euro-American tales whose functional meaning and aesthetic appeal had the greatest similarity to the tales with deep roots in their ancestral homeland. Regardless of where slave tales came from, the essential point is that, with respect to language, delivery, details of characterization, and plot, slaves quickly made them their own.

    20. Which of the following techniques is used by the author in developing the argument in the passage?
    (A) Giving a cliché a new meaning
    (B) Pointedly refusing to define key terms
    (C) Alternately presenting generalities and concrete details
    (D) Concluding the passage with a restatement of the first point made in the passage
    (E) Juxtaposing statements of what is not the case and statements of what is the case


    Answer: The correct answer is E but I checked D and I cannot understand why E is correct!! I think the author has stated a point in the first sentence of the reading and then discussed it. E is not correct because the author did not discuss the statements of what are not the case! Would you please explain it to me. Bless you.

  1. teechar's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: What is the used techniques by the author in developing the passage?

    Quote Originally Posted by tesoke View Post
    I think the author has stated a point in the first sentence of the reading and then discussed it.
    That's not what D says.

    Quote Originally Posted by tesoke View Post
    (D) Concluding the passage with a restatement of the first point made in the passage
    This means ending the passage with the same point it began with. Clearly, that is not the case here. Therefore, D is incorrect.

    Quote Originally Posted by tesoke View Post
    I cannot understand why E is correct!
    Quote Originally Posted by tesoke View Post
    (E) Juxtaposing statements of what is not the case
    Cultural continuities with Africa were not dependent on importation and perpetuation of specific folktales in their pristine form.
    Afro-American slaves did not borrow tales indiscriminately from the Whites among whom they lived.

    Quote Originally Posted by tesoke View Post
    and statements of what is the case
    It is in the place that tales occupied in the lives of the slaves ... that the clearest resemblances to African tradition can be found.
    Black people were most influenced by those Euro-American tales ... with deep roots in their ancestral homeland.

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    #3

    Re: What is the used techniques by the author in developing the passage?

    Thanks a lot Teechar!
    Would you please explain what the author means from "the case" in E? Thanks again.

  2. teechar's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: What is the used techniques by the author in developing the passage?

    Quote Originally Posted by tesoke View Post
    Thanks a lot Teechar!
    Would you please explain what the author means from by "the case" in E? Thanks again.
    To be the case = to be so = to reflect the situation.

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    #5

    Re: What is the used techniques by the author in developing the passage?

    Quote Originally Posted by teechar View Post
    statements of what is not the case:
    Cultural continuities with Africa were not dependent on importation and perpetuation of specific folktales in their pristine form.
    Afro-American slaves did not borrow tales indiscriminately from the Whites among whom they lived.

    and statements of what is the case:
    It is in the place that tales occupied in the lives of the slaves ... that the clearest resemblances to African tradition can be found.
    Black people were most influenced by those Euro-American tales ... with deep roots in their ancestral homeland.
    Thanks. I cannot understand why your opted sentences are in category "the case" or "not the case". Based of what criteria, you do this classification? Why some sentences are in the case and others not?!

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    #6

    Re: What is the used techniques by the author in developing the passage?

    Quote Originally Posted by tesoke View Post
    "the case"
    It is in the place ... African tradition can be found.
    Black people were most influenced by those Euro-American tales

    Quote Originally Posted by tesoke View Post
    "not the case"
    Cultural continuities with Africa were not dependent on
    Afro-American slaves did not borrow tales

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    #7

    Re: What is the used techniques by the author in developing the passage?

    Thanks a lot. I understood that you mean that the positive verbs are reflecting the case and the negative verbs doing the not case. Am I right? Thanks again.

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