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  1. tkacka15's Avatar
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    #1

    have

    Both countries have democratically elected leaders.

    Is "have" an auxiliary verb or a lexical one in the above sentence?

    Thank you.

  2. Raymott's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: have

    It would be an auxiliary verb in "Both countries have elected democratic leaders." But in your example, there's no other verb that 'have' could be auxiliary to.

  3. tkacka15's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: have

    Quote Originally Posted by Raymott View Post
    It would be an auxiliary verb in "Both countries have elected democratic leaders." But in your example, there's no other verb that 'have' could be auxiliary to.
    Thank you, Raymott, for the reply.

    Can the adverb "democratically' modify the verb phrase "have elected" or is it ambiguous meaning that it may equally modify the adjectival past participle "elected" in the noun phrase "democratically elected leaders"?

  4. Raymott's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: have

    Yes, I see what you mean. The original could mean that both countries have elected leaders democratically, in which case, 'democratically' modifies 'have elected', and 'have' is auxiliary. I was mistaken.
    It's ambiguous. I took it to mean that "Both countries have (possess) leaders who were democratically elected".

  5. Piscean's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: have

    Quote Originally Posted by Raymott View Post
    I was mistaken.
    It's ambiguous. I took it to mean that "Both countries have (possess) leaders who were democratically elected".
    I read it in the same way as you did.

  6. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: have

    So did I.

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