Student or Learner
I am wondering if the verb "tell" needs a pronoun in these kinds of sentences. Is a pronoun always required after "tell" or can it be omitted?
1. John asked me where I was yesterday, and I told I was at home .
2. The journalists asked the President if he was going to resign, and he told he was going to stay and fight.
3. The doctor asked Anna how she felt, and he told she was fine.
Or maybe I should use "say" instead?
Would it be correct to write:
John asked me where I was yesterday, and I said I was at home.
"Tell" is a transitive verb which needs an object/person, whereas "say" is not.
I am not a teacher.
***** NOT A TEACHER *****
I have noticed that students are often confused by these two words.
Here are four sentences from a grammar book. * You can use them as a model.
1. Tom told me (that) he didn't like Brian.
2. Tom said (that) he didn't like Brian.
3. Tom told us about his trip to Mexico.
4. Tom talked / spoke about his trip to Mexico.
* Source: Raymond Murphy with Roann Altman, Grammar in use / Reference and Practice for Intermediate students of English (1989), Cambridge University Press.
P.S. I think that it would all right if I gave just one of the book's practice sentences: "George couldn't help me. He [George] ___ to ask Jack." Would you use "said" or "told"?
1. John asked me where I was yesterday, and I told I was at home. I told him I was at home. I said [that] I was at home.
2. The journalists asked the President if he was going to resign, and he told he was going to stay and fight. He said he was going to stay and fight. He told them he was going to stay and fight. He replied that he was going to stay and fight.
3. The doctor asked Anna how she felt, and he told she was fine. She told him she was fine. She said [that] she was fine.
None of these would sound very good with "and I said to him that I was home" or "He said to them that he would..."
On the other hand:
I can't believe what you just said to me!
What I heard you say to Peter is not what you said to me.
No, I did not say you could go to the concert. What I said to you was that if your grades were good enough, you could go.
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.
As others have said, 'tell' requires an object. You could modify your sentences by adding the appropriate object pronouns to reference back to the original subject, as indicated.
Note you'll have to correct the subject pronoun reference for #3 to refer to Anna, not the doctor.