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    #1

    refer to / denote / signify

    What are the differences among refer to / denote / signify ?
    1. The red line on the graph refers to the birth rate.
    2. The red line on the graph denotes the birth rate.
    3. The red line on the graph signifies the birth rate.
    Are these three sentences all correct? What are the differences?
    Thank you

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: refer to / denote / signify

    I'd probably use "indicates the birth rate".
    “Every miserable fool who has nothing at all of which he can be proud, adopts as a last resource pride in the nation to which he belongs; he is ready and happy to defend all its faults and follies tooth and nail, thus reimbursing himself for his own inferiority.”

    — Arthur Schopenhauer

  2. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: refer to / denote / signify

    Or simply "shows" as another option.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

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    #4

    Re: refer to / denote / signify

    How about : The red line on the graph is the birth rate?
    I am not a teacher.

  3. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: refer to / denote / signify

    How about 'The red line on the graph represents the birth rate'?

    Not a teacher.

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