Interested in Language
Could you put me right if you find my reasoning faulty?
1. John broke his leg (while) skiing. = John broke his leg while he was skiing. "Skiing" is the present participle of the Past Continuous Tense.
2. The machinery was mounted using new gaskets. "Using" is the gerund.
Do you agree with my conclusions?
1. In the original sentence, "skiing" is just a present participle. In my opinion it is acting as an adverb modifying the verb "broke". It answers the question "how?"
2. "Using" is not a gerund there. Gerunds function as nouns. There is no place for a noun there.
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