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    #1

    why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    Hello,

    Below is a text which I have problem with the usage of "Involving" in it.

    However, as experimental methods have developed, more systematic and rigorous studies have been carried out on expert translators or involving the comparison of the performance of expert translators with proficient language speakers who have no translator training.
    We know that "or" is a Conjugation and when it appears in a text we must use parallel structure.

    It has not been used gerund form before "or", so we are not allowed to use gerund form after it. I changed the "involving" to "involve" and showed it to an American English speaker and She told me it is grammatical. Then, I changed "involve" to "involving" and again she told me it it grammatical too. Unfortunately she couldn't explain why both of them are correct in English.

    Based on the rule Parallel structure, "Involving" is wrong and we have to use "involve" but as you see both of them are correct.

    Would you please explain more that why "involving" is correct in the text above?

    Thank you in advance,

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    I don't think "involving" is correct.
    “Every miserable fool who has nothing at all of which he can be proud, adopts as a last resource pride in the nation to which he belongs; he is ready and happy to defend all its faults and follies tooth and nail, thus reimbursing himself for his own inferiority.”

    — Arthur Schopenhauer

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    #3

    Re: why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    The word 'or' is a conjunction.

  2. teechar's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    Where did you find that text?

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    #5

    Re: why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    Quote Originally Posted by Rover_KE View Post
    The word 'or' is a conjunction.

    I have a dictionary which is based on the Princeton University. one of the parts of speech which have been mentioned for "or" in this dictionary is "Conjugation."

    or

    Conjugation

    1. Connects at least two alternative words, phrases, clauses, sentences, etc. each of which could make a passage true. In English, this is the "inclusive or." The "exclusive or" is formed by "either...or".

    While in my Oxford dictionary, it has just been named "conjunction" and you cannot find anything about "Conjugation".

    I'd like to know your opinion about "involving" and "involve."

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    #6

    Re: why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    Quote Originally Posted by teechar View Post
    Where did you find that text?

    INTRODUCING TRANSLATION STUDIES - Jeremy Munday

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    "Conjugation" is wrong.

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    #8

    Re: why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    As a part of speech, only conjunction is correct.

    In a different context, Collins has

    conjugation

    Definitions

    noun


    • (grammar)
      • inflection of a verb for person, number, tense, voice, mood, etc
      • the complete set of the inflections of a given verb

    • a joining, union, or conjunction

    I can't make sense of the sentence whether involve or involving is used.

    Everybody should bookmark the OneLook dictionary search.
    Last edited by Rover_KE; 23-Sep-2015 at 08:24.

  4. Eckaslike's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    In my opinion "or" is a typo in the original text. Remove it and the complete passage makes sense. That is why the OP can't understand why it is being used, because it shouldn't be there.

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    #10

    Re: why author has used "involving" after the Conjugation "or?"

    I agree with Eckaslike.
    (I would put a comma before "involving".)

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