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    #1

    he started noticing changes....

    In the sentences below, I'm unsure if the words "noticing" and "making" are gerunds. The respective verbs are "started" and "stopped" I think.

    - He started noticing changes in his sister

    - His body has stopped making insulin.

    It's embarrassing that i'm somewhat slow in identifying gerunds Although I've read up on gerunds, I'm still unclear as to when it's a gerund and when it's a "to + infinitive"

    Thank you for teaching me....thank you for your patience.

  1. Piscean's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: he started noticing changes....

    Quote Originally Posted by Oceanlike View Post
    Although I've read up on gerunds, I'm still unclear as to when it's a gerund and when it's a "to + infinitive"
    Both gerunds and infinitives can have some of the characteristics of a noun. They can, for example, both function as the object of a verb:

    I like work. (noun)
    I like to work. (verb: to- infinitive) I like working. (verb: gerund)

    Note that the to- infinitive is the base form of the verb, and so does not end in -ing, and is preceded by the infinitive particle to.
    The gerund always ends in -ing.
    Last edited by Rover_KE; 23-Sep-2015 at 08:40.

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    #3

    Re: he started noticing changes....

    'noticing' and 'making' are gerunds?

  2. Piscean's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: he started noticing changes....

    Yes.

  3. BobK's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: he started noticing changes....

    Quote Originally Posted by Oceanlike View Post
    ...
    It's embarrassing that i'm somewhat slow in identifying gerunds Although I've read up on gerunds, I'm still unclear as to when it's a gerund and when it's a "to + infinitive"

    Thank you for teaching me....thank you for your patience.
    Don't be embarrassed - this is a feature often described in confusing terms. Some people use the term gerund as though it simply meant "verb form ending with -ing". Some people distinguish between a verbal noun ending -ing (a gerund) and a present participle. English doesn't distinguish formally between I like eating (gerund) and I am eating (present participle).

    You can teach/learn English without caring about the difference, and some teachers don't bother with it for that reason. But many languages do distinguish between the two; so if your own language marks this distinction, it's something you'll be aware of (and you can mark it down as something that English simplifies).

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  4. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: he started noticing changes....

    Quote Originally Posted by Oceanlike View Post
    ​Are 'noticing' and 'making' are gerunds?
    Note the correct way to construct a question.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  5. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: he started noticing changes....

    I don't think the distinction is that difficult. If it is a verb form ending in -ing, and it functions as a noun, it is a gerund. There is nothing mysterious about it.

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