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    #1

    Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    Which is the correct sentence:

    "These days, teenagers play computer games during their free time instead of go outside to do sports."

    "These days, teenagers play computer games during their free time instead of going outside to do sports."

    Thanks.

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    The second one.
    “Every miserable fool who has nothing at all of which he can be proud, adopts as a last resource pride in the nation to which he belongs; he is ready and happy to defend all its faults and follies tooth and nail, thus reimbursing himself for his own inferiority.”

    — Arthur Schopenhauer

  2. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    I think the OP might be interested in the 'Usage Note' below, but I am not a teacher.
    www.yourdictionary.com/instead-of#americanheritage
    (Some time ago I found this page when I was going to post a similar question here.)

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    "Going" is a verbal called a gerund. It functions as a noun rather than a verb. It can therefore be the object of the preposition "of". As a derivative of a verb, a gerund can also be modified by an adverb (outside) and take a direct object (to do sports). "To do sports" is an infinitive phrase (infinitives are also verbals and can take direct objects -- in this case "sports").

  4. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    ... take a direct object (to do sports).
    The verb 'go' is intransitive, so how can the gerund 'going' take a direct object? Should 'to do sports' be adverbial?

    Not a teacher.

  5. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    The verb "go" can also be transitive. See definition 3 under transitive: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/go

    It is the same use as to go hunting or go skiing.

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    #7

    Re: Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by Matthew Wai View Post
    The verb 'go' is intransitive, so how can the gerund 'going' take a direct object? Should 'to do sports' be adverbial?

    Not a teacher.
    I would not say that 'go' was transitive in 'go fishing', but that is not particularly important here. When Mike said that gerunds can take a direct object, he meant gerund forms in general. Gerunds can take direct objects, and Mike gave an example of a transitive verb in 'do sports'.

    Gerunds formed from verbs used transitively can take direct objects - I like doing sports. Gerunds formed from verbs used intransitively cannot take direct objects: I like walking in the snow.
    Last edited by Piscean; 28-Sep-2015 at 10:42. Reason: typo

  7. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    I would say "go" is transitive in "go fishing". What else could it be?

  8. Piscean's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    I would say "go" is transitive in "go fishing". What else could it be?
    I can see how it could be argued that 'go' is transitive in such 'go doing' expressions, but my brain won't accept it. However as I have not really thought seriously about this point, I can offer no alternative explanation. Fortunately, this point does not affect the answer to the original question.

  9. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #10

    Re: Instead of + Ving or Base verb?

    You can see an example in the link I posted in post 6.

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