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    #1

    the fruit has/is not ripened yet

    In a synthesis exercise, I encountered a question which I could answer but realised that I didn't understand the 'why' behind it.

    Question: The fruit is not ripe yet. You cannot pluck it out.
    My answer: You cannot pluck out the fruit until it ('until it' is fixed; cannot change its position) has ripened.

    Instinctively, I used the helping verb 'has' instead of 'is'. I asked myself why couldn't I have used 'is ripened' and I was stumped. I don't know why (or I didn't know why).

    'has ripened' simply sounds better than 'is ripened'.

    1) Is there a grammatical rule that governs the usage of 'has' instead of 'is'?
    2) is it incorrect altogether if 'is ripened' is used?

    Thank you for teaching me

  1. Piscean's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: the fruit has/is not ripened yet

    Quote Originally Posted by Oceanlike View Post
    You cannot pluck it out.
    That is most unnatural. We normally 'pick' fruit' We may, rarely, 'pluck' it, but we don't 'pluck' it 'out'.

    1) Is there a grammatical rule that governs the usage of 'has' instead of 'is'?
    2) is it incorrect altogether if 'is ripened' is used?
    We form the perfect aspect of a verb with HAVE plus the third form (past participle) of the verb.
    We form the passive voice of a verb with BE plus the third form of the verb.

    We could say "The fruit is ripened by putting it into a warm dark room".
    Last edited by Rover_KE; 30-Sep-2015 at 17:41.

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    #3

    Re: the fruit has/is not ripened yet

    'The fruit has not ripened yet.'
    'The fruit is not ripe yet.'

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