# Thread: Active to Passive conversion when two object are given

1. ## Active to Passive conversion when two object are given

#1 I saw him conducting the rehearsal.

passive 1: I saw the rehearsal being conducted by him.(Book)
passive 2: He was seen conducting the rehearsal by me.(my answer)

#2 stone struck me on the head.

B). I was struck on the head by a stone.(Book)

#3 My uncle promised me a present.

A). A present was promised by my uncle to me.
B). A present was promised to me by my uncle.(my answer)
C). I was promised a present by my uncle.(book)
D). I was promised by my uncle a present.(my answer)

#4 Someone gave her a bull dog.
A). She was given a bulldog.(my answer)
B). A bulldog was given to her.(Book)

In #2,#3 and #4 answer given by me are incorrect according to book. why?

I read if there are two object we can choose either for a subject when converting them. So I uses both indirect and direct object to make passive. But Book doesn't seem to agree with me.

I have also confusion about the position of "agent" and "object". which comes first "agent" or "object"?

2. ## Re: Active to Passive conversion when two object are given

***** NOT A TEACHER *****

Hello, Taruns:

Like you, I am eagerly waiting for the answers to your great questions. (By the way, if you posted shorter threads, maybe you would get faster replies.)

I cannot answer your great questions, but I can give you some information that I found that may interest you.

ACTIVE: They gave a prize to Mr. Black.
PASSIVE: Mr. Black was given a prize. (Mr. Black is given prominence [the attention].)

ACTIVE: They gave the first prize to Mr. Black.
PASSIVE: The first prize was given to Mr. Black. [Prominence on the first prize.]

ACTIVE: They offered the position to Mr. Green.
PASSIVE: The position was offered to Mr. Green.
PASSIVE: Mr. Green was offered the position.

Source: A.S. Hornby, A Guide to Patterns and Usage in English (1954), Oxford University Press.

3. ## Re: Active to Passive conversion when two object are given

When you have a transitive verb, you have a direct object.
When you convert to passive, you make the direct object the grammatical subject.

In the first one, you could argue that "he" was the object of your seeing, OR that "the rehearsal" is the object of his conducting. So your choice of "He was seen" is okay - but wholly unnatural with "by me" at the end. The point of the passive is often to drop who the original agent is.

In 2 and 3, you can clearly see that the original agent goes at the end in both book examples. While yours are not ungrammatical, they are very unlikely with 3D being so unnatural that I would want to call it wrong.

In 4, you have made the indirect object ("her") the subject, not the direct object (the dog). Your sentence is perfectly grammatical, however.

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