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    #1

    Clauses

    Hi there! I have few questions. I will really appreciate it if someone could explain all these to me.

    1. ''Some part of me needed to hear you say that running away together wasn't an option'' is a matrix clause, which means main + subordinate.
    Is that running away together wasn't an option an object complement?

    2. ''He thinks that his biggest mistake is what he did yesterday.'' What kind of clause is this?
    I mean, ''He thinks that his biggest mistake is what he did yesterday.'' - Noun as Direct Object?
    ''...is what he did yesterday.'' - Noun as Subject Complement?

    3. ''She is not the doctor that I am looking for.'' Is this a Subject Complement or relative pronoun? ''She is not the doctor'' - Subject Complement?
    ''that I am looking for'' Relative pronoun?

    4. Can a relative pronoun uses as complement? Just like No 1 and No 3.

    Thanks in advance.

  1. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Clauses

    Quote Originally Posted by jasonkhlim View Post
    1. ''Some part of me needed to hear you say that running away together wasn't an option'' is a matrix clause, which means main + subordinate.
    Is that running away together wasn't an option an object complement?
    I think it is a noun clause, which is the direct object of 'say'.

    Quote Originally Posted by jasonkhlim View Post
    2. ''He thinks that his biggest mistake is what he did yesterday.'' What kind of clause is this?
    I mean, ''He thinks that his biggest mistake is what he did yesterday.'' - Noun as Direct Object?
    ''...is what he did yesterday.'' - Noun as Subject Complement?
    I believe 'is' is a linking verb, and 'what he did yesterday' is a noun clause, which is the complement of the subject 'his biggest mistake'.

    Quote Originally Posted by jasonkhlim View Post
    3. ''She is not the doctor that I am looking for.'' Is this a Subject Complement or relative pronoun? ''She is not the doctor'' - Subject Complement?
    ''that I am looking for'' Relative pronoun?
    In my opinion, 'that' is a relative pronoun here. 'She is not the doctor' and 'that I am looking for' are the main clause and a relative clause respectively. 'The doctor' is the subject complement.

    Quote Originally Posted by jasonkhlim View Post
    4. Can a relative pronoun uses as complement? Just like No 1 and No 3.
    The 'that' in #1 is a conjunction instead of a relative pronoun, which I don't think can be a complement.
    I am not a teacher.

  2. tkacka15's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Clauses

    Quote Originally Posted by jasonkhlim View Post

    1. ''Some part of me needed to hear you say that running away together wasn't an option'' is a matrix clause, which means main + subordinate.
    The matrix clause is a superordinate clause minus its subordinate one. In the Some part of me needed to hear you say that running away together wasn't an option the whole sentence is a superordinate clause in which the matrix clause (the main one) is Some part of me needed to hear you say.
    I'm not a teacher and I'm not a native speaker of English.

  3. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Clauses

    Quote Originally Posted by jasonkhlim View Post
    Is that running away together wasn't an option an object complement?
    I think you don't know what an object complement is, so I advise you to read the following:
    http://www.grammar-monster.com/gloss...complement.htm
    I am not a teacher.

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    #5

    Re: Clauses

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    Hello, Jason:

    This is how I would parse it.


    1. "She is not the doctor." = The main clause. That is a complete sentence.

    If you suddenly said that to someone, s/he would ask, "What are you talking about?"

    2. So you would add some additional information to describe the doctor:

    "She is not the doctor whom/that I was looking for. (= I was looking for whom/that.)

    a. Yes, "whom" or "that" is a relative pronoun. It gets that name because (a) it's a pronoun and (b) it relates to the word "doctor."

    b. In this case, you could even drop it in speech: "She's not the doctor I was looking for."

    NOTE: You canNOT drop the relative pronoun if it is the subject of the adjective clause: "She's not the doctor that/who delivered our first baby."

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