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    #1

    Present perfect and Present progressive(perfect) and had+past principle

    Hello, I wanted to ask:
    I saw two explanations for the difference between Present perfect(simple) and Present perfect(progressive). They have a conflict.

    One:
    http://www.perfect-english-grammar.c...ontinuous.html
    We use both of these tenses for finished and unfinished actions.

    Two:
    http://www.englishgrammar.org/differ...inuous-tenses/
    The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about a continuous, but not necessarily finished action or situation.
    The present perfect tense is used to talk about a finished action or situation.

    So, by explanation 2#, the present perfect (simple) is not for using temporary cases.


    1) What is true?
    2) A question about another tense - past perfect. What is the meaning of had+past participle? I have not been seeing an article that explains what is the meaning of had+past participle without connecting two sentences.(one case starts before, etc..)
    What is the meaning of had+past participle here:?
    The Pentagon said late Thursday that it had targeted Mohammed Emwazi, a member of the Islamic State often referred to as Jihadi John, in an airstrike near Raqqa, Syria.

    Thanks.
    Last edited by captain1; 13-Nov-2015 at 12:24.

  1. Piscean's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Present perfect and Present progressive(perfect) and had+past principle

    The differences between the two present perfect forms are sometimes very subtle. If you read both articles all the way through, you will get a reasonable idea of some of the differences. The sentences you quoted must be taken in the context of the whole articles, not as isolated statements of fact.

  2. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Present perfect and Present progressive(perfect) and had+past principle

    Quote Originally Posted by captain1 View Post
    What is the meaning of had+past participle here:?
    The Pentagon said late Thursday that it had targeted Mohammed Emwazi, a member of the Islamic State often referred to as Jihadi John, in an airstrike near Raqqa, Syria.
    I think the past perfect is intended to mean that the 'targeting' happened before the 'saying'.
    I am not a teacher.

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