'Mooning' is modifying 'She'; she is 'mooning', not 'looking mooningly'. The -ing form functioning as a modifier is usually called the present participle.1- She looked out the window, mooning (daydreaming).
How is he word "mooning" in the above sentence
isfunctioning, as; noun, verb, or as an adverbial phrase describing the independent clause "she looked out the window.."?
In my opinion, the meanings of the two words 'wipe' and 'off' are the same in the combination as when they are used individually. We therefore do not have a phrasal verb, but a transitive verb 'wipe' (the direct object being 'the smile') and a preposition 'off' (whose object is 'your face').2- Wipe that smile off your face!
What do you all think about "off" functioning as a preposition, or
it'spart of the phrasal verb "wipe off"?
Student or Learner