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    #1

    Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    Hello, I read somewhere that we can use present perfect progressive for an activity that is finished, if so, whats the difference between the present perfect simple and the present perfect progressive - if both of them can be used for finished activity?
    1. In other words. How can we know if to choose to write with present perfect simple or " " progressive if we want to express a finished action?
    2. My back hurts. I have been lifting heavy furniture all day - Can we conclude that he is still doing it now? ("the lifting") - because it is the main feature(unfinished action) of the present perfect progressive. Or like I have said - Can't we deprive that the action is finished - Because sometimes we may use the present perfect progressive for finished actions.
    Thanks.

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    #2

    Re: Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    "My back hurts. I have been lifting heavy furniture all day." From this we can't tell for certain whether the heavy lifting is finished or not. This sentence would not work with the present perfect.
    “Every miserable fool who has nothing at all of which he can be proud, adopts as a last resource pride in the nation to which he belongs; he is ready and happy to defend all its faults and follies tooth and nail, thus reimbursing himself for his own inferiority.”

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    #3

    Re: Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    This is an exercise from a grammar book(English Grammar in use). Is it possible to write 'finished actions' with the present perfect progressive? If yes, what are the conditions for using "PPP" with finished actions?
    Another sentence in this book: 'Martin is feeling stressed. He (work) very hard- you need to choose if to write 'work' with the present perfect progressive or simple - I have to say - I am doing the exercises for improving my English.- Its not a task that someone(like professor or teacher) asked me to do.

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    #4

    Re: Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    The present perfect progressive can be used for actions that have finished that leave evidence now (Someone has been smoking here- no one is smoking but the rooms smells) and to emphasise an action (I have been working like mad all day- I am no longer working but want you to know how hard today has been).

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    #5

    Re: Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    Thanks. What is the difference between 'Someone has smoked here' and 'Someone has been smoking here'.
    And what is the difference between 'Have worked' and 'have been working'.
    By understanding the difference I can understand it better.

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    #6

    Re: Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    Quote Originally Posted by captain1 View Post
    Thanks. What is the difference between 'Someone has smoked here' and 'Someone has been smoking here'.
    And what is the difference between 'Have worked' and 'have been working'.
    By understanding the difference I can understand it better.
    'Someone has smoked here' means that smoking has taken place here. It could have been five minutes or five years ago.

    'Someone has been smoking here' means there's evidence of recent smoking here.

    How about a couple of examples for "worked" versus "working":

    I have worked here for eleven years. (I took a job here eleven years ago and continue to work here now.)

    I have been working on this project for two weeks. (I began to work on the project two weeks ago and continue to work on it.)

    Bonus tense: I worked at ABC Co. for ten years. (I took a job at ABC Co. some time in the past. I continued to work there for ten years, then left the job.)
    I am not a teacher.

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    #7

    Re: Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    Just want to make sure I understand:

    Every action of the Present perfect progressive should be 'recently'?
    I understand that PPP can be used for : leave evidence now and to emphasise an action.Both uses(leave evidence and to emphasise) should be recently?

    I have been working for 20 years, Does it make sense? or need to be used with the present perfect simple?
    Last edited by captain1; 30-Dec-2015 at 18:45.

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    #8

    Re: Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    "I have been working for 20 years" is fine.
    “Every miserable fool who has nothing at all of which he can be proud, adopts as a last resource pride in the nation to which he belongs; he is ready and happy to defend all its faults and follies tooth and nail, thus reimbursing himself for his own inferiority.”

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    #9

    Re: Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    So, Can we use PPG(progressive) with time which is not recently?
    Because this example above makes me to hesitate - 'Someone has been smoking here' means there's evidence of recent smoking here.

    Or Can we use both(recently and a long time ago)?

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    #10

    Re: Present perfect progressive and present perfect simple

    If you say "I have been working for 20 years" it is up to the present moment. "I worked for 20 years" has the same meaning as a stand alone sentence. If you want to put it in the past, say "I worked for 20 years".
    “Every miserable fool who has nothing at all of which he can be proud, adopts as a last resource pride in the nation to which he belongs; he is ready and happy to defend all its faults and follies tooth and nail, thus reimbursing himself for his own inferiority.”

    — Arthur Schopenhauer

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