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  1. Donbelid's Avatar
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    English Teacher
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      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Dec 2005
    • Posts: 144
    #1

    Thematic Relations

    Hi everyone.
    The question is "Identify the thematic relations associated with each DP or embedded CP..."

    "It is raining in San Francisco".

    I believe "in San Francisco" is "location".
    Then what is "It"?! Is it agent? experiencer? nothings?!

  2. Newbie
    Retired Academic
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      • Native Language:
      • American English
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      • United States
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      • United States

    • Join Date: Jan 2016
    • Posts: 16
    #2

    Re: Thematic Relations

    Quote Originally Posted by Donbelid View Post
    Hi everyone.
    The question is "Identify the thematic relations associated with each DP or embedded CP..."

    "It is raining in San Francisco".

    I believe "in San Francisco" is "location".
    Then what is "It"?! Is it agent? experiencer? nothings?!
    In your example, it is used as a pure dummy it (sometimes called empty it) without a related postponed subject without a verb and adjective phrase denoting weather condition.
    It is also used to denote distance and time. (It is ten o'clock or It is two miles ahead.)
    It simply fulfils the subject requirement in English.

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