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  1. Newbie
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      • Native Language:
      • Polish
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      • Poland
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    • Join Date: Jan 2016
    • Posts: 3
    #1

    a problem with descriptive grammar

    Dear users/teachers :)

    I had to compare sentences in Polish and in English. Of course I'm not going to bother you with Polish ones ;) but I'd be grateful if you could help me. Please tell me whether my choices are correct for the following underlined parts of sentences:


    1. The city council comprises six people.
    CATEGORIAL: noun phrase
    FUNCTIONAL: direct object

    2. I had no intention of insulting you.
    CATEGORIAL: prepositional phrase
    FUNCTIONAL: direct object

    3. I canít afford to go out so often.
    CATEGORIAL: verb
    FUNCTIONAL: infinitive (?? this one is the most tricky for me perhaps.)

    4. They congratulated him on getting the job.
    CATEGORIAL: prepositional phrase
    FUNCTIONAL: adverbial (optional)

    Thank you!

  2. Newbie
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    #2

    Re: a problem with descriptive grammar

    Or maybe I should do it this way:

    I canít afford to go out so often.
    CATEGORIAL: verb
    FUNCTIONAL: direct object

    Can a verb be an object...?

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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      • American English
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      • United States
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    #3

    Re: a problem with descriptive grammar

    3. I canít afford to go out so often.
    CATEGORIAL: infinitive
    FUNCTIONAL: noun phrase -- direct object

  4. Newbie
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    #4

    Re: a problem with descriptive grammar

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    3. I can’t afford to go out so often.
    CATEGORIAL: infinitive
    FUNCTIONAL: noun phrase -- direct object
    Thank you!
    Is the rest correct? I have doubts about this "comprises six people" being direct object - should it stay as it is, or be changed to "indirect"? Could you explain it to me, please?

  5. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: a problem with descriptive grammar

    The others are fine. One cannot have an indirect object unless there is a direct object. Yours is a direct object.

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