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  1. rogergm62's Avatar

    • Join Date: Apr 2006
    • Posts: 17
    #1

    have or have not

    Hello everyone!!!!

    Could somebody help me????

    my question is the next....What sentence is right???

    I DON'T NEED TO HAVE WORRIED

    OR

    I NEED NOT TO HAVE WORRIED

    OR

    I NEED NOT HAVE WORRIED

    thanks in advance....

    Roger...A Mexican English student in USA.

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #2

    Re: have or have not

    Welcome Roger.

    1. I don't need to have worried.
    2. I need not to have worried.

    Try,

    I need not worry.
    I needn't worry.
    I don't have to worry.
    I shouldn't worry.

  3. rogergm62's Avatar

    • Join Date: Apr 2006
    • Posts: 17
    #3

    Re: have or have not

    Thanks, but I still have troubles with that sentence, because I'm reading an article, the article is the next...
    ...Since I had never been there before and was unsure of protocol, I wore black dress shoes along with my black pants. I needn't have worried, as several people (men included) were in flip-flops or sandals....
    So my question again is... the phrase <<I needn't have worried>> is ok?
    and could somebody give me a fast explanation why can't I say...
    << I don't need to have worried>>>
    or << I need not to have worried>>
    Many thanks...
    Roger... A confused guy in America

  4. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #4

    Re: have or have not

    "Since I had never been there before and was unsure of protocol, I wore black dress shoes along with my black pants. I needn't have worried, as several people (men included) were in flip-flops or sandals ... ."

    It's OK.

    1. I don't need to have worried.
    2. I need not to have worried.

    The word to is an infinitive marker. It goes with bare or non-finite verbs - verbs that don't inflect for tense or number. For example, the verb to go is a non-finite verb; 'go' doesn't have tense (e.g., went) or number (e.g., goes). Sentences 1. and 2. above are ungrammatical because the verb have worried isn't compatible with to. But if we remove its tense and number, we get a bare or non-finite verb:

    I don't need to worry.
    I do not need to worry.

    I need not worry.
    I needn't worry.

    Note that, needn't is a contracted form of need not, and don't is a contraction of do not.

    Correction
    I still have trouble, not *troubles

    All the best.

  5. rogergm62's Avatar

    • Join Date: Apr 2006
    • Posts: 17
    #5

    Re: have or have not

    Dear Casiopea...
    Thanks a lot...
    and thanks for correct me too.

    I really appreciate it.

  6. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    #6

    Re: have or have not

    You're welcome, roger

    Correction
    Thanks for correcting me.

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