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  1. Newbie
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    #1

    simple present or present perfect

    Anyone who ----- four years of education in a collegue ...... appreciate the struggle of learning language.

    a ) spends / has to
    b ) has spent / can

    thank you.

  2. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: simple present or present perfect

    Which one would you choose?
    "Invading armies have no rights." Noam Chomsky

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    #3

    Re: simple present or present perfect

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    Which one would you choose?
    simple present. but lots of people say present perfect correct.

  4. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: simple present or present perfect

    In my opinion it's a more natural sentence with the present perfect, but they are both possible in the right context.
    "Invading armies have no rights." Noam Chomsky

  5. Raymott's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: simple present or present perfect

    They are both potentially correct. But the question has two parts. You have to decide which choice makes the most sense.
    The choices are a) or b).

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    #6

    Re: simple present or present perfect

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    In my opinion it's a more natural sentence with the present perfect, but they are both possible in the right context.
    This was a question with a single sentence in an exam. There wasn't any context. an odd question I guess. Thanks anyway :)

    The reason I chose the simple present form was because I thought that was like a general fact and "four years" was a distractor. The answer hasn't been given yet.
    Last edited by bcengiz; 31-Mar-2016 at 13:26.

  7. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: simple present or present perfect

    Quote Originally Posted by bcengiz View Post
    This was a question with a single sentence in an exam. There wasn't any context, an odd question I guess. Thanks anyway.

    The reason I chose the simple present form was because I thought that was like a general fact and "four years" was a distractor. The answer hasn't been given yet.
    Please note my corrections to your post.
    "Invading armies have no rights." Noam Chomsky

  8. Raymott's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: simple present or present perfect

    Quote Originally Posted by bcengiz View Post
    This was a question with a single sentence in an exam. There wasn't any context. an odd question I guess. Thanks anyway :)
    The answer hasn't been given yet.
    a) Anyone who spends four years of education in a colleague has to appreciate the struggle of learning language.
    b) Anyone who has spent four years of education in a colleague can appreciate the struggle of learning language.

    For me, b) is the best answer. I couldn't guarantee that this is the expected answer though.
    It seems to me that there is no obligation on someone who spends four years of education to appreciate the struggle (has to). However, if you have done this, you probably could appreciate it. (can). So this state of affairs corresponds to b).
    But both are debatable, and both sentences can be read differently depending on the intonation, etc. They are equally grammatical.


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