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    #1

    Complementation of Adjectives

    I have tried to post this thread so many times but failed to log in in time. This is the third time, I am feeling so crazy now.

    I have four questions regarding classifying phrases complementing adjectives. I start with some examples:

    (1) She was hesitant to tell her parents.
    (2) The boss was anxious to promote sales.
    (3) Are you afraid of spiders?
    (4) We were shocked by the news.
    (5) I was delighted that she was chosen.
    (6) I am curious what color it is.
    For (5) and (6), because of that- and what- clauses, I classify them as Noun Phrases. If there are any Conjunctions such as where and when, the phrases that containt them will be Noun Phrases?

    For (1) and (2), I am wondering whether or not should I classify them as Verb Phrases or to-Infinitives Clauses instead?

    For (3) and (4), except for to, any prepositions showing up on these phrases will help me to identify them as Prepositional Phrases. However, is there any possibility that some of them might belong to another group of phrases?

    Please help me.

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    #2

    Re: Complementation of Adjectives

    (1) She was hesitant to tell her parents.
    (2) The boss was anxious to promote sales.

    The underlined constituents are subordinate to-infinitival clauses functioning as complement of the adjectives "hesitant" and "anxious".

    (3) Are you afraid of spiders?
    (4) We were shocked by the news.

    The underlined constituents are preposition phrases functioning as complement of the adjectives "afraid" and "shocked". In these examples, that can be their only function.

    (5) I was delighted that she was chosen.

    Here the underlined constituent is a subordinate that-clause (or content clause to be precise). Its function is complement to the adjective "delighted". The word "that" is a subordinating conjunction (or just 'subordinator') whose function is 'marker of subordination'.

    (6) I am curious what colour it is.

    And here the underlined constituent is a subordinate interrogative clause introduced by the interrogative subordinator "what". The meaning is "I am curious about the answer to the question "what colour is it?"'

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