The figures in fairy tales are not ambivalent-not good and bad at the same time, as we all are in reality. A person is either good or bad, nothing in between. One brother is stupid, the other is clever. One sister is industrious, the others are lazy. One is beautiful, the others are ugly. One parent is all good, the other evil. Presenting the contrasting characters permits the child to comprehend easily the difference between the two, which he could not do as readily were the figures drawn more true to life, with all the complexities that characterize real people. Ambiguities must wait until a relatively firm personality has been established on the basis of positive identifications. Then the child has a basis for understanding that there are great differences between people, and that therefore one has to make choices about who one wants to be. This basic decision, on which all later personality development will build, is facilitated by the polarizations of the fairy tale.

Does this "positive identifications" imply 1 or 2?
1. identity other people's characters for sure
2. identity one's(my own) character for sure