Results 1 to 2 of 2
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Vietnamese
      • Home Country:
      • Vietnam
      • Current Location:
      • Vietnam

    • Join Date: May 2016
    • Posts: 101

    restrictive clause Vs non-restrictive clause

    Hello teacher !!!

    I am confused here between two different type of clause, restrictive clause and non-restrictive clause. Is essential and non-essential another name of them.

    1. I went to London with John Baker, who lives next door.

    2. Every journalist has a novel in him, which is an excellent place for it.
    (Source: grammar - monster)

    Why there is a commas in the second clause, I thought we put a commas only when the noun we mention is a specific thing.


  1. Charlie Bernstein's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Jan 2009
    • Posts: 3,621

    Re: restrictive clause Vs non-restrictive clause

    The comma tells us that the added clauses simply add detail without changing the meaning. If you removed the commas, the added phrases would change the meanings of the sentences.


    A. The pie, in the window, was stolen.

    B. The pie in the window was stolen.

    In A, there was only one pie. It would be true without "in the window": The pie was stolen.

    In B, we don't know how many pies there are. One? Ten? The phrase "in the window" might be telling us which pie was stolen. There might be five pies on the table and two in the oven. If we shortened it to "The pie was stolen" here, it could be confusing. To be clear, it would need to say "A pie was stolen."


    In your two examples, the statements would still be true without the added information.

    - I went to London with John Baker.
    - Every journalist has a novel in him or her.

    Without the added clauses, both are still true. The added clauses give more information but do not change the meanings of the rest of the sentences. The commas tell us that. Sometimes it doesn't matter. Sometimes it does.
    I'm not a teacher. I speak American English. I've tutored writing at the University of Southern Maine and have done a good deal of copy editing and writing, occasionally for publication.

Similar Threads

  1. [Grammar] Restrictive clause vs non restrictive, definite articles
    By Jerzy_S in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 06-Oct-2014, 21:54
  2. restrictive clause
    By Allen165 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 27-Aug-2010, 13:59
  3. Restrictive or non-restrictive clause
    By Deepurple in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 30-Oct-2008, 05:20
  4. restrictive or non-restrictive clause
    By kohyoongliat in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 11
    Last Post: 09-Jun-2007, 20:21
  5. restrictive/non-restrictive clause?
    By snickchap in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 20-Jun-2006, 18:45


Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts