Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast
Results 1 to 10 of 12
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Jun 2016
    • Posts: 5
    #1

    authorization (# of morphemes)

    Hey all, this one is for the grammar gurus out there.

    As a native English speaker, I've recently begun down the career path of TESL the informal way, and recently stumbled across a new grammar topic to me: that of morphemes.

    So as I understand it, morphemes are kind of like the building blocks of words, consisting of base morphemes, suffix morphemes, and prefix morphemes. So for example, in the word "unhappy", you have "un" + "happy" as the two morphemes. Simple enough.

    I guess my doubts over my understanding of morphemes begin to arise when it comes to having words that have multiple suffixes and/or prefixes.

    For example let's look at the word "authorization". So it seems like you have "authorize" as the base morpheme, plus "ation" as the suffix morpheme. But at the same time, part of this doesn't seem right to me, because the supposed base morpheme "authorize" can itself be broken down further into the even smaller morpheme base "author" plus the suffix morpheme "ize", no?...

    So bottom line, I guess I'm wondering...
    1-What would you consider to be the base morpheme of "authorization" ("author" or "authorize")?
    2-How many morphemes would you consider "authorization" to have (two or three)?

    Thanks for the help...

  1. Skrej's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: May 2015
    • Posts: 2,397
    #2

    Re: authorization (# of morphemes)

    A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit of a language. It the morpheme can stand by itself, it's considered a root, and is also a free morpheme. Bound morphemes have to be attached to a word, so your affixes in English are bound morphemes.

    The root(base) of authorization would be author. The suffix -ize makes it a verb. The suffix -tion makes a noun out of the verb authorize, but changes the meaning from the original base noun. (Those are also known as derivational morphemes)


    Ergo, three morphemes - a root/base of 'author' plus two suffixes.

    While authorize is a word, it still consists of two morphemes, so it can't be the base for authorization as it can still be broken further down into meaningful units.

    Also - cross posted on this forum where you got the same answer I gave you. Cross posting wastes our time. Please at least state that you're cross posting, or indicate why you're unsatisfied or are questioning the answers you got elsewhere.
    Last edited by Skrej; 15-Jun-2016 at 03:14. Reason: adding cross posting note.
    Wear short sleeves! Support your right to bare arms!

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Laos

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 57,888
    #3

    Re: authorization (# of morphemes)

    How many are there in antidisestablishmentarianism?

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Apr 2009
    • Posts: 12,310
    #4

    Re: authorization (# of morphemes)

    One less than in disestablishmentarianism.
    Last edited by SoothingDave; 16-Jun-2016 at 19:59.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Jun 2016
    • Posts: 5
    #5

    Re: authorization (# of morphemes)

    Quote Originally Posted by Skrej View Post
    Also - cross posted on this forum where you got the same answer I gave you. Cross posting wastes our time. Please at least state that you're cross posting, or indicate why you're unsatisfied or are questioning the answers you got elsewhere.
    Hi Skrej,

    I just recently began to research English language topics. As such, I may (and probably will) be posting on multiple forums for my first couple questions as I try to gauge which forums are the most helpful and/or likely to generate a quick response, as well as the quality of the answers. You're right, I will put a disclaimer up next time about this. And maybe, since it seems you also read WR threads, you'd like to share which forum is your most trusted for getting your questions answered accurately and/or at all. Do you subscribe to any others beside WR and this one?

    -d

  2. Skrej's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: May 2015
    • Posts: 2,397
    #6

    Re: authorization (# of morphemes)

    Quote Originally Posted by Tdol View Post
    How many are there in antidisestablishmentarianism?
    Quote Originally Posted by SoothingDave View Post
    One less than in disestablishmentarianism.
    Other way, I think - one more. It'd be one less than neoantidisestablishmentarianism .
    Wear short sleeves! Support your right to bare arms!

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Laos

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 57,888
    #7

    Re: authorization (# of morphemes)

    Have we had protoneoantidisestablishmentarianism ​yet?

  3. Skrej's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: May 2015
    • Posts: 2,397
    #8

    Re: authorization (# of morphemes)

    That depends - does quasiprotoneoantidisestablishmentarianismness count?
    Wear short sleeves! Support your right to bare arms!

  4. Skrej's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: May 2015
    • Posts: 2,397
    #9

    Re: authorization (# of morphemes)

    Quote Originally Posted by dajjorg View Post
    Hi Skrej,

    Do you subscribe to any others beside WR and this one?

    -d
    I only subscribe to this forum, I can't speak to any other forums.
    Wear short sleeves! Support your right to bare arms!

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England

    • Join Date: Jun 2010
    • Posts: 24,487
    #10

    Re: authorization (# of morphemes)

    I heard you'd been banned from other forums for using overlong words.

Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast

Similar Threads

  1. Authorization for whom?
    By Allen165 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 6
    Last Post: 05-May-2011, 11:55
  2. [Grammar] introducing and authorization letter
    By tadzio in forum Letter Writing
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 27-Aug-2008, 04:12
  3. morphemes
    By 1364 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 10
    Last Post: 18-May-2008, 18:29
  4. morphemes
    By English Major in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 24-May-2006, 06:28
  5. Morphemes
    By Sam_Janice in forum Linguistics
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 06-Mar-2006, 02:45

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •