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    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Urdu
      • Home Country:
      • Pakistan
      • Current Location:
      • Pakistan

    • Join Date: Dec 2010
    • Posts: 100
    #1

    Reading Problem with 5 year old child

    I have a problem, my daughter is 5 years old and she knows phonics sounds mostly all 3 and 4 letter words but she got confused in some words for example hard and sand both words having letter a sound but the pronunciation is different.
    Like words simple and side both words having letter I but pronunciation is different.
    Like th sometimes it gives sound this and sometimes threw, three
    Like ea sometimes gives sound steal and sometimes head, instead
    Like this so many words kids cant read with sound. Can you please suggest me any book in pdf format, video or anything.

    Thankyou

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • China

    • Join Date: Aug 2011
    • Posts: 967
    #2

    Re: Reading Problem with 5 year old child

    Your daughter is old enough (barely) to learn three sounds for each vowel:

    -Long Sounds: a- make, e- meet, i- like, o- nose, u- blue
    -Short Sounds: a- cat, e- egg, i- big, o- hot, u- fun
    -3rd Sounds: a- car/father, e- the/her, i- pizza/piano, o- do/moon, u- put/book

    The sounds are typically listed in that order, but we use the short sounds most.

    -'r' combos: ar- car, er/ir/ur- her/girl/purple, or- horse

    -Three rules:
    1. Small words (or syllables) with one vowel are usually short sound. Small words with one vowel at the end are often long.

    2. 'e' on the end is silent, but it tells us the other vowel has its long sound. (side)

    3. When two vowels are together, there are several possibilities, but usually the second one is silent and the first one has its long sound.

    When we see a word we don't know, we count the vowels. The number of vowels and their positions will tell us how many syllables there are. Break the word into syllables, apply the 3 rules above to each syllable as appropriate, and then put them back together to say the word.

    As to the two 'th' and 'ea' pronunciations (and other similar challenges), they are just things she will have to learn. Treat them as matter-of-factly as you can. Don't 'teach' her that it's a problem. Many of the most commonly used English words are sight words: They don't follow the rules, we just have to learn them.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • China

    • Join Date: Aug 2011
    • Posts: 967
    #3

    Re: Reading Problem with 5 year old child

    I just ran across this: http://www.lydiamcgrew.com/phonics

    and thought of you. I haven't read through it, but what I did skim looked good.

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